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Fire Ignitions, Burned Area, and Emissions, 2001-2018

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2021-08-14
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Ignition locations and burned area for Interior Alaska in 2015.
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Ignition locations and burned area for Interior Alaska in 2015.

The ORNL DAAC recently released the following Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) dataset by Scholten, R.C., et al. (2021):

ABoVE: Ignitions, Burned Area, and Emissions of Fires in AK, YT, and NWT, 2001-2018

This dataset provides estimates of daily burned area, carbon emissions, and uncertainty, and daily fire ignition locations for boreal fires in Alaska, U.S., and in the Yukon and Northwest Territories, Canada. The data are at 500 m resolution for the 18-year period from 2001-2018. Burned area was retrieved from combining fire perimeter data from the Alaskan and Canadian Large Fire Databases with surface reflectance and active fire data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection 6. To derive the carbon consumption estimates, the approach from Alaskan Fire Emissions Database (AKFED) was updated and extended for the period 2001-2018. Fire weather variables, temperature, and the drought code complemented remotely sensed tree cover and burn severity as model predictors. Fire ignition location and timing were extracted from the daily burned area maps.

The ABoVE is a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign being conducted in Alaska and western Canada, for 8 to 10 years, starting in 2015. Research for ABoVE links field-based, process-level studies with geospatial data products derived from airborne and satellite sensors, providing a foundation for improving the analysis, and modeling capabilities needed to understand and predict ecosystem responses to, and societal implications of, climate change in the Arctic and Boreal regions.

Additional data from ABoVE and other relevant links can be found on the ORNL DAAC's ABoVE Project Page.

Citation: Scholten, R.C., S. Veraverbeke, R. Jandt, E.A. Miller, and B.M. Rogers. 2021. ABoVE: Ignitions, Burned Area, and Emissions of Fires in AK, YT, and NWT, 2001-2018. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1812

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