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Seasonality and Peak Greenness in the Arctic

Map of peak greenness.

Peak greenness derived from the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for the year 2010 in the ABoVE grid cell Bh07v07.

ABoVE: Annual Phenology Derived from Landsat across the ABoVE Core Domain, 1984-2014

This dataset from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) provides annual maps of spring onset with leaf emergence, of autumn onset with leaf senescence, and of peak greenness for each 30 m pixel derived from Landsat time series of Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) observations from 1984 to 2014. The data provided for deriving seasonality include the total number of cloud-free observations, r-squared values between observed and spline-predicted Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), long-term average minimum EVI, long-term average maximum EVI, long-term average spring onset, long-term average autumn onset, annual spring onset, and annual autumn onset. The data provided for peak greenness includes annual peak Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR), annual composite red reflectance, annual composite NIR reflectance, annual composite shortwave infrared reflectance, number of dates used to calculate composites, and day of year of associated maximum composite.

ABoVE is a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign conducted in Alaska and western Canada between 2016 and 2021. Research for ABoVE links field-based, process-level studies with geospatial data products derived from airborne and satellite sensors, providing a foundation for improving the analysis, and modeling capabilities needed to understand and predict ecosystem responses to, and societal implications of, climate change in the Arctic and Boreal regions. See all ORNL DAAC data from ABoVE.

Data Citation: Melaas, E.K., D. Sulla-Menashe, C.E. Woodcock, and M.A. Friedl. 2019. ABoVE: Annual Phenology Derived from Landsat across the ABoVE Core Domain, 1984-2014. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1698
Data Center: ORNL DAAC
Sponsor: EOSDIS