Relationship between the quantum yields of fluorescence (Ft) and photosystem II (Fv/Fm) sampled Picea glauca needles in Alaska (A) and Abies grandis needles in Idaho (B). Modeled (A) and observed (B) irradiance is indicated by the coloration of points; grey points in individual sampling period panels show observations from all periods for reference. Plots of sampling periods aligned with the timing of satellite overpasses are outlined in green (A) and blue (B) boxes, respectively.
In situ measurements of needle-level chlorophyll fluorescence and other irradiance products are now available.
SAR-based lake ebullition maps. Panel a shows Alaska study regions with SAR footprints outlined in yellow. Subsequent panels show SAR-based CH4 ebullition maps for b) Barrow Peninsula, c) Atqasuk, d) Toolik, e) northern Seward Peninsula, and f) Fairbanks. Study lakes with field-based measurements are outlined (b,c) or boxed (d,e,f) in white. Orange boxes in panel f indicate anthropogenic study lakes.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) was used to estimate methane ebullition flux for thousands of lakes in five regions across Alaska.
Spatial estimates of total carbon combustion at 30 m resolution across the 2015 fire perimeters in Saskatchewan (a) and sampled fires (b, c, d). The spatial extents of sampled fires are shown as blue rectangles in (a).
A new Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) provides spatial estimates of carbon combustion and uncertainty on a 30 m grid.
Site sampling plan used for characterizing active layer soils (left). Axes are in meters. At Imnavait Creek, active layer thickness (ALT) was measured on transects intersecting a central soil pit. Soil dielectric properties, in situ moisture and temperature profiles were measured, and soil samples were collected for analyses from the soil pit (right).
Active layer thickness, soil dielectric profiles, and soil physical properties are key variables for understanding the Arctic permafrost layer.
Downscaled MERRA-2 snow depth (in meters) data. Images show snow depth for two time periods: spring snow melt for 23-30 April, 2007 (left) and during early snow accumulation for 30 September-7 October, 2007 (right).
One kilometer resolution, cloud-free snow cover extent and snow depth data are available for Alaska from 2001 to 2017.
Vegetation point-intercept (VPI) any-hit cover metric data were combined with Landsat imagery to develop fractional maps of any-hit cover for four aggregated plant functional types (PFTs); shrubs bryophytes, lichen, and herbs for the upland tundra area of the Y-K Delta, Alaska. VPI data were collected from plots in areas burned in 1971, 1985, 2005, and 2015.
Ecological field data and maps of vegetation cover spanning gradients of fire history in upland tundra are available from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE).