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Surveying the Ecological Effects of Fire on Alaska's Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-05-18
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Vegetation point-intercept (VPI) any-hit cover metric data were combined with Landsat imagery to develop fractional maps of any-hit cover for four aggregated plant functional types (PFTs);  shrubs bryophytes, lichen, and herbs for the upland tundra area of the Y-K Delta, Alaska. VPI data were collected from plots in areas burned in 1971, 1985, 2005, and 2015.

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Ecological field data and maps of vegetation cover spanning gradients of fire history in upland tundra are available from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE).

Boreal Forest Biomass and Soil Metrics at Burned Sites

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-05-18
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Field sites, ecoregions, and total area burned (millions of hectares; Mha) in each of the ecoregions in the study domain over time. Grey dotted line in the inset represents the simple linear regression, with red shading for the 95% confidence intervals, of burned area for all ecoregions combined. Analyses were completed using the field site groupings, located within the six ecoregions defined by the EPA Level II Ecoregions of North America.

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Burned forest plot data is available from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE).

Active Layer Thickness across Alaska

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-05-12
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Model-simulated 1 km mean active layer thickness (ALT) map from 2001 to 2015. Black dots are locations of circumpolar active layer monitoring (CALM) sites used for comparison of observed ALT to modeled ALT. CALM data are not provided. The areas with ALT greater than 300 cm depth are shown in dark gray.

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MODIS and SMAP satellite data were used to derive estimates of active layer thickness and uncertainty.

Open Water Masks from AirSWOT Flight Paths over Alaska

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-02-24
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Example of color-infrared imagery shown alongside the corresponding semi-automated open water classification at Old Crow Flats, Alaska.

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Over 3,000 km2 of open surface water were mapped from AirSWOT flight lines made in Summer 2017 for the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE).

Boreal & Tundra Soil Respiration Data

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-02-17
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(A) A Soil Respiration Station (SRS), (B) a SRS data logger, and (C) a Forced Diffusion Chamber (FD chamber) deployed at a boreal forest site in central Alaska.

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Data collected by soil respiration stations installed at boreal and tundra sites are available from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE).

Burn Severity Index of Canadian Ecoregions

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-02-17
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Study area included sites burned in 2014 and 2015 in the southeastern portion of the Northwest Territories and northern Alberta of Canada. The study area includes all 2014 and 2015 fires within a radius of approximately 300 km from Great Slave Lake.

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Pre- and post-fire Landsat images were used to classify burn severity of soil organic matter across portions of arctic Canada.

Alaskan Fire Fuel Components

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-01-30
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Examples of fractional cover distribution in a tundra region near Lake Narvakrak in the Noatak River National Preserve: (a) very high-resolution imagery from Google Earth; (b) fractional cover of woody component; (b) fractional cover of herbaceous component; (d) fractional cover of nonvascular component.

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Maps of three major wildland fire fuel types are available from the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment.

Arctic Whole Air Samples

Submitted by ORNL DAAC Staff on 2020-01-30
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Arctic-CAP flights consisted of vertical profile maneuvers from near the surface to 6 km altitude around the ABoVE domain each month. Profiles were flown at each of the 25 locations listed across the top of this figure.

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Atmospheric gas concentrations collected during the Arctic Carbon Aircraft Profile (Arctic-CAP) campaigns are now available.